Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Millwork Shop Drawings and Basic Drafting Standards

Questions Regarding Millwork Shop Drawings and Drafting Call 772-408-8175

Now I generally like to Blog about things that will help Educate our Clients so here is a little About Drafting and Drafting Standards. 

Drawing is considered to be a universal language. 

Drafting is a technical drawing used by designers to graphically present ideas and represent objects necessary for a designed environment. A set of these drafted illustrations is called a construction document (CD). There are common rules and standards to ensure that all designers are able to understand what is in the drawing. These design drawings use a graphic language to communicate each and every piece of information necessary to convey an idea and ultimately create a design.

Architectural drafting.

Architectural drafting is basically pictorial images of buildings, interiors, details, or other items that need to be built. These are different from other types of drawings as they are drawn to scale, include accurate measurements and detailed information, and other information necessary to build a structure. These documents are graphic representations to communicate how to do the construction,
remodeling, or installation of a design project. These include drawings for floor plans, elevations, sections, details, ceiling plans, finish schedules, and mechanical information such as electrical, plumbing, air conditioning, and heating plans.

Types of Drafting

There are three categories of drawings in interior design: process drawings (preliminary images, sketches, schematics, etc.),construction documents (drafted drawings, working drawings, plans, elevations, sections, details, etc.), and presentation drawings (illustrated sketches and three-dimensional views including perspectives, obliques, isometrics, etc.).
A Major Phase are the drafted drawing of which there are also three different types: technical sketch, mechanical drafting, and CAD (computer-aided drafting). These all fall under the heading of architectural drafting as they each convey building detail in scale and use of a common
graphic language.

Technical Sketch

Like an artist may use sketches to develop ideas for a painting or sculpture, technical sketches are used during the development of ideas for initial or preliminary plans. The ability to make quick and accurate sketches is a valuable advantage that helps you convey design ideas to others. A sketch may be of an object, an idea of something you are thinking about, or a combination of both.

Mechanical Drafting

Mechanical drafting is a refined style of drawing in which the pencil or pen is guided by devices such as t-squares, parallel rules, straightedges, compasses, triangles, and French curves. These drawings are developed only after the conceptual phase of a project has been completed and the design is finalized. However, it is typical to see revisions of construction documents as well as Millwork Shop Drawings Redlined in this Mechanical drafting style. However Since the advent of CAD the large majority of Drafting is performed on a Computer screen!

Computer Drafting

CAD is Our primary Drafting type for doing Millwork Shop Drawings.
When drafted documents are prepared on a computer, they are referred to as computer-aided drafting (CAD). An advantage of CAD is the speed of revisions to a document. Instead of redrafting an entire page alterations can be made quickly and easily and the page reprinted or plotted. CAD drawings can also be easily stored electronically and shipped to other designers who can make revisions or alterations. A large amount of design and drafting work can be completed quickly on CAD, however, you will still find need to use technical or mechanical drafting for design development and Redlines.

Drafting Sheet Size

According to ANSI (American National Standards Institute) in the United States an 8.5 x 11 inch piece of paper is an architectural “A” size sheet. This is typically referred to as letter size. The “B” size sheets are 11 x 17 and are typically referred to as a "tabloid" size sheet of paper. The “C” size sheets are 18 x 24 inches and the “D” size sheets are 24 x 36 inches. In the Millwork Shop Drawing Industry we find that Architect work on big paper "Arch D" so most Architects like to get big paper back as a Shop Drawing Submittal. Another thing that leads us to us Arch size "D" in the Millwork Shop Drawing Industry is the AWI Standards in which we govern ourselves by.   AWI calls for a Minimum Scale of 1" for plans and elevations and 1-1/2" scale for sections and full to half scale Details.

Questions Regarding Millwork Shop Drawings and Drafting Call 772-408-8175

Cad-Con Design LLC Provides Millwork and casework Shop Drawings to Millwork Shops Architects and General Contractors From New york, to Detroit, Denver, Houston, Florida and all over the 50 United States. Cad-Con Design LLC is American owned and operated.

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